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'Stephanopis longimana' |
(Identification as explained below)
female: maybe 6 mm|
male: 4.5 mm
This spider may be found on bark, leaves or flowers and uses its excellent camouflage colours to ambush insects it feeds on
Unknown but this species is probably harmless to humans
The Stephanopis longimana name is shown in inverted commas on this page because it now seems likely that the scientific name of this
species will soon be changed but there is uncertainty as to what the new name will be. In Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (1902)
Volume 27, pages 491-492 W.J. Rainbow described as Stephanopis obtusifrons a spider somewhat similar to the one shown in the images above. Unfortunately, his description
of the spider was limited and he only included a very basic drawing of it in his paper. Then in his widely read 1970
and 1980 spider booklets Ramon Mascord presented an image labelled as Stephanopis obtusifrons, his identification based on that of Rainbow
and on Stephanopis specimens he had seen in the Australian Museum collection. Images of specimens that looked much the same as the one in Mascord's booklets were
subsequently published in various places, including this website, under the Stephanopis obtusifrons name.
But then in 2019 Machado M. et al in Records of the Australian Museum, 71, 217-276 suggested that Stephanopis obtusifrons is actually
the same species as Stephanopis cambridgei, but the images of Stephanopis cambridgei included in that paper were not a close match with those of most of the
published Stephanopis obtusifrons images, including the one shown in Mascord's books. It also became apparent that the spiders in the various published S. obtusifrons photos
did not all look like the same species. In a follow-up paper (Machado M. and Teixeira R.A. (2020) Phylogenetic relationships in Stephanopis and Sidymella,
(Springer Nature), Stephanopis longimana is further changed to Isala longimana, but this change must be considered tentative, at least until the genera Sidymella and
Isala have been studied further. It should also be pointed out that the spider shown above looks more like a Sidymella species than Stephanopis cambridgei and the only
known Isala species: Isala punctata.
Spider(s) with a very similar appearance: Some Sidymella and Stephanopis species.
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Last updated 18 June 2021.